Research Interests

Muslim Constitutionalism, Islamic law, Public International law, International human rights law, Constitutional and Administrative law, Counter-Terrorism laws

Additional Professional Information

  • FRSA, FAcSS.
  • Advocate High Court, Pakistan, member Punjab Bar Council.
  • Member of the Honourable Society of Gray’s Inn London; associate member of Garden Court North Chambers, Manchester. 
  • UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.


Books and Articles

‘Revisiting the Jihad Ideology in Islamic International Law and its Appropriation by Non-State Actors’ Human Rights Quarterly 2022, 417–440. 

The Plight of Minority Rights in Pakistan’ in S. Juss (ed.) Pakistan and Human Rights (Lexington Books) 2021 (Co-authored), pp. 35–58

‘Islam, Terrorism and International Law’ in B. Saul (ed.) Research Handbook on Terrorism (Edward Elgar) 2020, pp. 168–179

The Rule of Law, Freedom of Expression and Islamic Law (Co-authored)
(Hart Publishing) 2018.